Are Lawn Mower Engines Interchangeable? (An Accurate Guide)
Everyone’s patch of lawn is their pride and joy. It’s almost seen as a status to have immaculately manicured grass. One defining factor that affects the quality is whether or not a lawnmower is used and used effectively.
The problem is, they are easily ruined if not maintained correctly, especially the engine. The simplest way to check out the engine’s condition is by first having a listen out for knocking, rattling and sputtering sounds.
Now let’s face the question, are lawn mower engines interchangeable?
Yes, the good news is that the lawn mower engines are widely interchangeable. Most models within a power range even have the same bolt pattern.
An old engine with the same power range can be unbolted, removed then changed over to one with a similar power range.
Luckily, we have laid the groundwork for you and laid it out in a simple understanding guide so you can walk away without further questions. Let’s dive deeper into if lawn mower engines are interchangeable and how they can be achieved.
How do I know if my lawn mower engine is bad?
The signs of engine wear will start to become more prevalent with time. In fact, some apparent signs can help you determine if your lawn mower engine needs maintenance or a changeover. The signs may include:
- Knocking sounds or even rattling and sputtering. It can even screech when attempting to start.
- There may be excessive vibrations.
- You may see and smell smoke coming from the exhaust.
- You may notice that it is chewing through a greater than normal amount of oil and fuel
- It can shudder on heavy grass. It may even be just ineffective in general.
- It’s inconsistent and may just be difficult to get started. It may not even start at all.
Do all lawn mower engines have the same bolt pattern?
Most common lawn mower brands have the same engine mounting bolt pattern.
It can’t be said that every single engine is the same because there are always brands that produce things with the thought of cutting costs. This can see some being a little bit different.
But across the board, you will find it easy to change a motor without messing around with bolt patterns.
Are lawn mower engines interchangeable?
Lawn mower engines are interchangeable. The process isn’t too difficult to perform yourself. Of course, it’s advised that a qualified technician in the mechanical field changes it over for you, though.
The engine mounting points are often standard and don’t pose many issues with sourcing and installation.
Lawn mowers are great pieces of equipment in that the rest of the mower might be in immaculate condition, and just changing out the engine will almost make it an all-around brand new lawn mower. The costs involved will always depend on the quality of the lawn mower, to begin with.
How much does it cost to replace a lawn mower engine?
Considering the engine of a lawn mower is the most important part, it will always be the most costly. Replacing a lawn mower engine and the costs involved will largely depend on the type, size and availability of the new one.
Generally speaking, the labor costs can range between 90-150 per hour, depending on the mechanic.
The changeover shouldn’t take longer than 2-3 hours, so that’s a max of 450 on labor, then you have the cost of a motor. They can range from 250 anywhere up to 1800. Another thing to consider is that the engine can be for a push mower or ride-on. Ride-ons are larger, so they will cost a lot more.
Is it worth replacing a lawn mower engine?
It is definitely worth replacing a lawn mower engine. A bit of common sense and personal preference will come into play here. If the engine needing replacement is quite old, it’s worth it. If it’s a newer engine, it’s a good idea to have a mechanic check over it first to save money, time and convenience.
Sometimes even a drive belt or another smaller part connected to the engine could need changing out instead of the whole engine. The great thing about lawn mowers is that they are easy to get a hold of the parts and the actual engines.
The bolt patterns are standard, so changing them can be seamless. Additionally, as we progress through technology upgrades, you can pick up a newer, more advanced modeled engine for that little bit extra. That way, you get a new lawn mower without purchasing the whole thing.
Types Of Lawn Mower Engines?
When thinking about changing the engine in your lawn mower, we often think about the common push mower. Similarly, the ride on is another type of mower engine that could need replacing. They both work in the same way; they are both internal combustion-type engines.
One is much larger than the other, so it may cost some more to fix. Let’s have a look at the 2 compared to each other.
Riding lawn mower engines
The engines used on a ride-on are usually 4 cylinder variants. 4 stroke engines offer much more torque and are much more fuel efficient. They are easier to start, more powerful and reliable.
The only real downside is that they are more expensive to run. The benefits outweigh this one downside, though. Most riding mower engines are interchangeable with each other.
Electric mower engines
Standard electric mower engines or ‘push mowers’ usually run on 2 cylinders. 2 stroke engines are generally cheaper overall. This is because they are a lot smaller and weigh much less. They are also louder and produce more smoke. Most electric mowers are interchangeable with each other.
Lastly, it’s not ideal to put an electric mower engine into a ride-on lawn mower as it just wouldn’t offer enough torque to push around the weight of a ride on. On the other hand, you could add a 4 stroke engine to a push mower. You would need to make a few extra modifications, though.
Things to consider before Are Riding Lawn Mower Engines Interchangeable?
If your ride on lawn mower engine shows signs of excess wear and tear, it may need to be replaced. It’s generally a pretty easy procedure for the right mechanic. They will usually know what to look for as they will do the changeover for you.
There are some things to consider if you plan to do it yourself. For example, some parts and accessories must be double-checked to ensure that the new engine fits on the old deck. The main parts and accessories that you should take note of are:
- Matching nuts and bolts – These are easy to skip over, but they hold it all together.
- Throttle Cable – Make sure the right connection is available and/or purchased so that it can all be connected once the engine is in.
- Lawn Mower Blades – The lawn mower blades should either be new or well maintained. It’s ideal for sharpening them after every 4-5 uses.
- Fittings in the crankshaft – Ensure that the fittings are the correct size for the new engine. The crankshaft needs to be running at optimal speed and pace.
- Matching sizes of pin holes – The pin holes must be the right size, or the engine won’t even mount, let alone start.
- Fuel Lines – The fuel lines should be clean and well kept. Try to flush them out before reinstalling to avoid any blockage causing debris.
- Starter connection to engine – This should be one of the last things you reattach, so ensuring it’s clean and in working order is essential.
- Wiring, Clamps and Hoses – All wiring, clamps and hoses should generally be cheap, so it’s almost worth buying new ones. This will ensure that the installation process runs smoothly. Some older parts can be jagged and unkept.
Some Easy Steps To Change a Riding Lawn Mower Engine
It’s probably best to have a mechanic changeover the engine in your ride-on lawn mower. If you are one to endure a challenge, though, the process isn’t that difficult. It goes a little something like this:
- Source a similar-sized engine. Make sure the power is like for like.
- Remove the motor mount bolts and pull attached to the engine shaft (usually found under the engine)
- Lift the engine cover/hood and disconnect the lighting wires
- Completely remove the engine cover, so it’s not in the way. You should be able to pull it upwards.
- The next part will require some kind of jack or lift to raise the front end. It makes it easier to remove the motor mount bolts and pulley bolts.
- Tip Putting the parking brake on will help loosen up the drive belt.
- Slide down the top belt (above the pulley)
- Pull down the unbolted pulley to release the lower belt.
- Remove the motor engine mount bolts. (usually 4) There may be a hidden bolt depending on the model.
- Tip Keep the fuel line higher than the fuel tank; the fuel won’t leak.
- Disconnect the fuel line
- Remove the starter motor wire.
- Disconnect any other wires to free up the engine. There may be a few zip ties that need to be cut.
- The engine should now be free to lift out.
- Before installing the new engine, give the mounting surface a good clean.
- Some new engines come without the holes being threaded for the mounting bolts. You may need to tap new threads to suit the bolts. Lubing the holes will allow the taps to do their thing more easily.
- Connect everything back together in reverse order, including bolting down the engine and connecting all wires and clamps over hoses.
- Run the fuel and oil in before use.
Frequently Asked Questions (fAQs)
What is the most common lawn mower engine?
Ride on lawn mower engines is often 4-cylinder or 4-stroke. They are much larger, more effective, and more expensive but, on the other hand, more robust. Compare that to the 2 cylinder variants usually used on push mowers. Push mowers are often much louder and smaller, so they weigh less, but they are also much cheaper.
How long should a lawn mower engine last?
The length of time that a lawn mower can last depends on a few specific factors. Things such as engine quality, frequency of use and maintenance play a huge role in the longevity of a lawn mower engine. Using it as normal as possible with a proper maintenance schedule will allow around an 8-10 year lifespan. For a smaller engine, that would be about 300 to 500 hours. The larger engines may push on up towards 750 to 1000 hours.
Are Briggs and Stratton engines interchangeable?
Most mower engines are universal these days. Briggs and Stratton are no different and can be interchangeable if needed.
So as we can see, most lawn mower engines are interchangeable. There may be an odd exception depending on the brand, but most brands are universal. A push mower usually has less power and is louder but can be much cheaper.
Riding lawn mowers have much more power, can cover more ground, and are more reliable but cost more to run and maintain. Changing over the engine isn’t always necessary, depending on the issue that needs to be resolved. If a changeover is needed, at least we know it’s not a tough task!
Hi! I’m Glenn and I am the creator of The Skilled Gardener. I love to share knowledge, offer advice and help answer any questions related to a range of garden based topics. I’ve watched and helped my family grow their own produce for years. Now it’s my turn to share the wealth of information I’ve acquired. I love what I do and I want to show you how you can achieve the same results! From little things, big things grow.
How to un seize a riding lawnmower engine
One may face many technical problems from time to time if he owns a riding lawnmower. A seized lawnmower engine is, however, one of the rarest of problems. If you do not want to take your Lawnmower to the mechanic because you fear that he might charge more, don’t worry. This blog will help you distinguish the damaged parts, replace them, and test them, all at a home scale.
A lawnmower engine is usually a sturdy component. A seized engine is usually due to the piston and rings sticking in the bore. With the help of some freeing fluid or cleaner, this problem can be solved. However, there might be other contributing factors to this too. Here we take you through them all.
How to un seize a riding lawnmower engine:
- Step 1: Remove the spark plug
- Step 2: Clean the combustion chamber with some cleaner
- Step 3: Open the head and gently tap the piston cylinders
- Step 4:Check the motor oil
- Step 5: Test the blades and close all the components
We shall provide in-depth details of the steps mentioned above, like what sort of tools you need and any complexities you might face. Please stick with us as we go through all the potential issues and troubleshoot each of them.
Steps to Un Seize a Riding Lawn Mower Engine:
A riding lawnmower engine may get seized after you de-winterize it due to such distant usage. The seized engine may be due to the parts that are stuck or due to the machine’s absence of motor oil. The procedure below explains all the necessary steps to deal with the situation.
Step 1: Remove the spark plug:
Whenever a defect occurs related to the internal parts of a lawnmower, removing the spark plug is the first step. The spark plug is removed before cleaning the rest of the parts for two purposes. One is so that no accident occurs when one is pulling and cleaning the cord. The second is to clean the spark plug itself.
To do this, tilt the lawnmower body to a side so that its side now faces the roof. With the help of a plier, unscrew the spark plug because it may be hard to remove it by hand (seized up chamber). Now, using a feeler gauge, you may check the gap between the spark plug terminals. Compare it with manual reading. Now, either clean the plug or replace it.
Step 2: Clean the combustion chamber with some cleaner:
Through the removed spark plug hole, you can access the piston cylinders and the combustion chamber. You can quickly get aerosol sprays like “Blaster PB” or “WD-40” from a local hardware store. When you buy them, do get yourself a pair of safety gloves as these might be toxic to spray, hence injurious to health. Now, through the hole, flood in an available amount of the cleaner spray and let it rest there for a couple of hours at the least.
The cleaner spray acts as an anti-rust and lubricating agent. It removes the clog built up in the chamber. After a few hours, let the cleaner fluid drain out from the spark plug hole. Now, try to move the blades manually. Make sure that while rotating them, they should be rotated in their natural directions. You will feel lesser resistance to the movement now.
An additional step can be to pull the cord and see the blade’s rotation. This may further give some idea about the extent of seizing in the engine. Pulling the card will produce little motion in the lawnmower blades, a sign for a seized up engine.
Step 3: Open the head and gently tap the piston cylinders:
Sometimes, only using a cleaner doesn’t solve all of the problems as the riding Lawnmower may have been idle for a longer time. In this case, remove the seat to expose the head of the engine. Opening the head with a screwdriver or wrench will allow you actually to see the piston cylinders. The engine may be blocked and may require an internal push start.
So, hit the piston head preferably with a wooden hammer. Tap it gently as it moves down. This pretty much solves the problem. Besides, check the piston rings, lubricate them. Check for any damaged seals, take no risk, and replace them. Clean the cylinders and remove any dirt or debris that has hardened up and is stuck. Throw in some cleaner spray to moisten the dirt and clogged up the oil. Clean it and let it dry for a few hours.
Step 4: Check the motor oil:
We have already taken you through the basics. These were easy to solve. Now, a more complex issue that may require more of your FOCUS is here. In all types of seized activities, the one that is caused by running the engine on an insufficient motor oil spray is the most serious.
Through the removed piston head, disintegrate the crankshaft. Same as before, using a wooden hammer, give the cylinders a strike to thump them out. Also, rotate the crank. This helps remove the crude oil that got stuck up in the moving parts. Use a cleaner to purify them thoroughly.
Remove the connecting rods and seals. Clean them too, as crude oil may still be stuck there. Give the insides a thorough washing. You can use petrol to wash it too. Now, let the engine bask in the sun and dry up naturally. Add lubrication to each component as you close up the casing and side by side, give the lawnmower blades a gentle thrust to make them move.
Step 5: Close all the components:
After all this day long hustle, most of your technical work is done. However, closing all the components is the essential key for prolonged safety from damage. After all the parts have been lubricated and dried up, conceal them as they were taken out. Ensure the seals are tight, the crankshaft is fixed, and piston cylinders are’ t free. Close the head and fix the seat back in its place. Add new motor oil to your Lawnmower. Remove the old crude fuel. Add new fresh fuel, preferably with some anti-clogging agents mixed in. For a week on, use the mower gently and regularly so that engine gets back to its full potential.
Even if, after all these steps, the blades aren’t softening up as much as they should, it is time to call in an expert.
1) Why should I use a wooden hammer or wood to strike the piston cylinders?
The combustion chambers are quite sensitive parts in terms of dimensions and sensitivities of pressure, are, and volume. A regular hammer, if used to thump the cylinder, may cause the cylinder to disorientate. At the very least, it can cause a dent in the cylinder or piston due to its rigid nature. Deformities can cause a change in the critical pressure or volume of rotating machines, which can be very dangerous.
A wooden hammer, on the other hand, is rigid and flexible at the same time. You may have observed that all denters use a wooden hammer to remove the dents too. This allows them to give a considerable power strike keeping the flexibility and geometry intact.
2) How can you tell if your lawnmower engine is seized?
To tell if a lawnmower engine is seized, you have to follow through a few steps. Start by removing out the spark plug to expose the channel to the combustion chamber. If a lawnmower with a removed spark plug still jump-starts, its valves may be worn out and hence, need replacement. However, if the engine doesn’t run and the blades are rigid and don’t turn over, it is seized. A seized lawnmower engine has locked cylinders, blades, and pistons.
3) Why removing the spark plug is necessary?
When operating on a riding lawnmower with sharp blades, precaution is a must. While cleaning, one has to clean the combustion chambers, piston cylinders, and valves. Sometimes, even the cord needs maintenance, so it has to be pulled. So, as a safety measure, it is advisable to remove the spark plug before any Lawnmower action to keep away from any harm.
For those who love their hobby of gardening, a lawnmower is the best buddy one must-have. However, after long gaps or after de-winterization, its use may pose some problems in engine activity seizing up. A seized engine doesn’t mean the machine’s death, but it sure affects its life if not addressed. Following the steps mentioned above in definite order, you can efficiently deal with this issue. It may seem huge at first glance, but following the guide will help you step by step. Even after all these steps, your Lawnmower fails to work correctly, and it is better to take it to a mechanic. Happy lawnmowing!
Lawn Mower and Tractor Insight
Humphreys Outdoor Power give you insight to make your tractor or lawn mower last with best practices to get the most out of your machine.
Signs its Time to Retire Your Lawn Mower
It’s the beginning of the mowing season, you’ve mown your yard a few times and you’ve seen how you’re mower is acting after a long winter. Now you have the hard decision of deciding whether or not its time to retire you’re faithful cutting machine or see if you can fix it up (or have us fix it up). We can’t speak to the sentimental bond between a man and his lawn mower but we can talk about economics and whether a lawn mower is worth being repaired. Here are five things that typically spell the end of the line for your mower. These repairs are usually more costly than the machine is worth. Of course there are exceptions to every rule, but in general here some signs its time to scrap your lawn mower.
You hear a knocking sound
If your engine is knockin’ you better be shoppin’- most of the time knocking in the engine is a result of a bent crankshaft or a broken or bent rod. This is a terribly expensive lawn mower repair and most of the time you’re better off looking for a new mower. One of the main causes of this is running the machine out of oil. Make sure you’re always checking your oil level!
Your Engine is vibrating too much
How much is too much? You’ll know. When it seems like the engine might vibrate right off your machine, you’ve got an issue. This is yet another sign of a bent crankshaft or broken/bent rod. Double check your oil!
Smoke is coming out of your exhaust
In some cases this can be repaired by a head gasket which isn’t usually that expensive, but in other cases your rings may be worn out causing your engine to use too much gas and scoring your cylinder. This can be caused by not cleaning your air filter (debris gets in the cylinder and wears down your rings), or your rings could just be worn out. Regardless, depending on the severity of the scoring it might be time for another engine and at that point you should be looking at a new lawn mower.
You’re using too much oil
This usually goes with smoke coming out of the exhaust. The oil has to go somewhere and it’s usually into the cylinder. If you have to add oil after each mow job, you’re either mowing way to much or you have a problem. Not to mention oil is in itself expensive.
This is one thing on this list that is external on the machine. If you have a rusty deck you’ve lost most of your support and you’re running the risk of the blades flying off while you’re mowing, among other things. In some cases the mowing deck can be the most expensive part of the lawn mower, so it sometimes means it’s time to find a new lawn mower.
Bonus Section: Fixable Issues (But you need to get your lawn mower repaired now)
Won’t Start: This seems pretty basic and can be caused by a lot of different things. One of the most costly is that you’ve lost compression. This means the fuel you’re running wont ignite. A lot of times this can be fixed with a head gasket or new set of valves
Losing Horsepower in heavy grass: This is another sign that you’re losing compression. Not only is it annoying, it can be a serious problem and its important to get it fixed soon.
Your engine is missing: This is most often caused by fouled plugs due to above average oil use. It can be caused by damaged rings, bad air filter or scored cylinder among other things. It can also be caused by debris in your gas tank which is a pretty easy fix. The moral of the story is that this can cause a serious problem down the road and you need to have a professional take a look at it immediately.
Don’t want your lawn mower die just yet? Avoid these common maintenance mistakes!
This article is intended for use with riding lawn mowers. Push mowers and handheld power equipment is different because minor repairs can quickly add up to the cost of a new unit. Riding lawn mowers and zero turn lawn mowers can be a little more tricky when it comes to deciding to replace them, simply because they’re a larger investment. If you’re experiencing one or more of these side effects with your mower contact us today.
Riding lawn mower engine spins but won’t start video
Find out what to do when your riding lawn mower spins but won’t start. Once it’s spinning, the engine needs 3 things to run—fuel, spark and compression. This video helps you find out which one of those elements is missing in your engine by showing you a quick starter fluid test that can rule out several issues. Then we’ll show you how to check for problems with the fuel supply, the spark plug, ignition coil and flywheel key. Following these troubleshooting steps should help you get your riding lawn mower started so you can get back to mowing.
For additional repair help, including common symptoms and troubleshooting tips, step-by-step riding lawn mower and tractor repair guides and articles, check out our repair help section. In addition, find the riding mower parts you need to fix your mower.
Supplies you might need
- Air filter (if dirty)
- Fresh gasoline (if old)
- Fuel stabilizer
- Fuel filter (if dirty)
- Fuel line (if clogged)
- Fuel pump (if broken)
- Ignition coil (if spark plug wire is damaged or there’s no spark)
- Spark plug (if fouled or damaged)
- Spark plug wrench
- Spark plug tester
- Flywheel key (if broken)
- Flywheel puller
- Cylinder compression gauge (if all else fails)
The supplies you need depend on how far into the troubleshooting steps you go before solving the problem. Starter fluid is used in the first test, so you do need it.
Hi, Wayne here from Sears PartsDirect. Today we’re going to troubleshoot a riding lawn mower engine that spins but won’t start when the starter motor runs. Once it’s spinning, the engine needs 3 things to run—fuel, spark and compression.
Test the fuel supply
Here’s a quick test that can often eliminate 2 of those suspects right away. We’ll check to see if the engine has compression and spark by spraying a short burst of starter fluid into the engine’s cylinder. The highly combustible starter fluid will start the engine briefly if the cylinder gets spark and the right amount of compression.
In a well-ventilated area, pull off the air filter and spray a short burst of starter fluid into the cylinder through the carburetor’s air intake. Now try to start the engine.
If the engine doesn’t start at all, you can skip the next section on fuel system troubleshooting and move on to checking the ignition system.
If the engine starts briefly and then dies, you know the spark and compression are okay, leaving you with a fuel supply problem.
Troubleshoot the fuel system
A dirty carburetor is usually the culprit when the engine isn’t getting fuel. But, before you replace or rebuild the carburetor, check these basic fuel supply issues so you don’t waste your money on a part that you don’t need.
- If the air filter you just pulled off is dirty, replace it. You need a clean air filter so the right amount of air can mix with the fuel to start the engine. Here’s a video that shows how to replace the air filter.
- If you haven’t used the riding mower for several months, drain and refill the fuel tank with fresh gas. Over time, gas absorbs water and loses combustibility. In the future, if you don’t use up all the gas before storing your riding mower for several months, add fuel stabilizer to your gas tank.
- Replace the fuel filter if you haven’t changed it within the last year. A clogged fuel filter won’t allow gas to flow to the carburetor. Here’s a video that shows you how.
- Check the wire harness connection on the fuel solenoid valve. The fuel solenoid valve shuts off fuel to the carburetor to prevent backfire when you kill the engine. If the wire’s disconnected, the solenoid won’t open to allow fuel to flow to the carburetor. Reconnect the valve wire harness if you find it disconnected.
- Check the fuel line from the fuel tank to the carburetor for clogs or damage. Clear any clogs and replace the fuel line if damaged.
- If your engine has a fuel pump, replace the pump if it doesn’t move gas through the fuel line to the carburetor.
If you found no problems when checking these fuel system issues, then rebuild or replace the carburetor to restore the fuel supply to your engine. Here’s a video that shows how to replace the carburetor and one that shows how to rebuild it.
Troubleshoot the ignition system
If your engine didn’t start with the help of starter fluid, check the ignition system.
First, make sure you have the spark plug wire firmly connected to the plug. Replace the ignition coil if you find damage to the spark plug wire because the wire is part of the coil. Here’s a video that shows how.
If you found no problems with the spark plug wire, pull the spark plug wire off the spark plug and remove the spark plug. Check the spark plug tip for carbon or oil deposits that could prevent the plug from sparking. Also, check for cracks in the plug’s insulator. Replace the spark plug if it’s too fouled to spark or the insulator is cracked. Here’s a video that shows how.
If the spark plug looks okay, use a spark plug tester to see if the plug gets current from the ignition coil. To test it, install the spark plug and connect the boot of the tester to the spark plug. Connect the engine’s spark plug wire to the other end of the tester. Crank the engine and see if the tester sparks.
If the tester doesn’t spark, it’s likely you need to replace the ignition coil. Here’s a video that shows how.
Check the flywheel key
If the plug sparks, that means the ignition coil is good, but the timing for the spark might be off.
Here’s how the timing works on a riding lawn mower engine.
The flywheel magnet and ignition coil control spark timing. When the flywheel magnet passes the ignition coil, the coil generates and sends current to the spark plug, causing the spark.
The flywheel key keeps the flywheel aligned on the engine crankshaft so the magnet passes the ignition coil at the right time.
The flywheel key is a small metal rectangle that keeps the crankshaft and flywheel aligned when you tighten the flywheel bolt. To protect expensive engine components from damage, the flywheel key shears if a mower blade hits an object with enough force to make the flywheel slip out of alignment with the crankshaft. If you hit a rock or stump and the engine suddenly stops, you may have knocked off the timing by damaging or breaking the flywheel key.
A damaged flywheel key means the magnet won’t pass the ignition coil at the right time for the spark plug to ignite the fuel to start and run the engine.
If this scenario sounds familiar because you did hit an object while mowing and the engine stopped, remove the flywheel and check that key. Replace the flywheel key if you find damage. Here’s a video that shows you how.
Check the cylinder compression
If you find no problems with the ignition system, then a compression problem could be preventing the engine from starting.
Check the oil level to see if the engine is overfilled. Drain some oil to drop it below the maximum fill level.
If the oil level is okay, pull out the spark plug and check cylinder compression using a compression gauge. This test shows whether the piston is compressing the air and fuel mixture in the cylinder.
Connect the compression gauge to the cylinder through the spark plug hole. Zero the compression gauge. Briefly turn the key to the start position so the starter motor spins the engine.
Check the compression reading. Most engines should measure over 40 psi of compression. Many engines produce more than 80 psi.
If cylinder compression is less than 40 psi, the piston isn’t compressing air inside the cylinder. Keep in mind that a low compression reading shows you that a compression problem exists, but doesn’t reveal the cause. You might need to adjust the valves or replace the piston rings. A damaged cylinder wall can also prevent the piston from compressing air inside the cylinder.
To accurately analyze a compression problem, have a service technician do a leak-down test on the engine. The technician will use an air compressor and special tools to find where the air leaks.
Once the technician finds the cause of the compression problem and fixes it, you can get back to mowing.
I hope this video helps you out today. Check out our other videos on the Sears PartsDirect YouTube channel and subscribe to see when we post new videos.
Seized Lawn Mower Engine: Its Causes and Its Solutions
Seized lawn mower engine is an issue that can be a frustrating experience for homeowners. By understanding the causes and taking preventive measures, we can save time and money in the long run also, knowing the causes is the most important thing when it comes to a seized lawnmower engine.
Let’s look at the factors that cause the lawn mower to seize.
- Factors That Are Causing Your Lawn Mower Engine To Seize
- – Lack of Lubrication
- – Overheating
- – Dirty Air Filter
- – Lack of Use
- – Fuel-related Issues
- – Mechanical Failure
- – Regular Maintenance
- – Avoid Prolonged Use
- – Use High-quality Fuel
- – Store Lawnmowers Correctly
- – Address Mechanical Issues Immediately
- – Break In New Engines Correctly
Factors That Are Causing Your Lawn Mower Engine To Seize
The factors that are causing your lawn mower engine to seize are the lack of lubrication, overheating issues, or having a dirty air filter. It could also be due to the lack of use, fuel-related issues, or mechanical failures taking place.
– Lack of Lubrication
A lack of lubrication in the engine is one of the most common reasons of a seized mower engine. Lubrication is significant in ensuring that the components of the engine run smoothly by reducing friction. As a result, the machine would slow down and seize from functioning well.
The components that require lubrication include the pistons, bearing, connecting rods, and crankshaft. These must be well-lubricated in order to work together without friction. It is most likely that when a lawn mower engine seized no oil has been applied, and this would be a common cause. There are various motor oils you can use, such as SAE 30 and SAE 40.
Another common reason for seized mower engines is overheating. The lawnmower engine’s combustion process generates heat while the cooling system regulates the overall temperature.
When it overheats, the engine can expand and cause excessive friction. Eventually, the engine will hold off from its functionality, and this is because the motor is quite hot at the moment, more than usual.
Overheating is often caused by damaged or dirty cooling fins, clogged air filters, or the cooling system’s circulation issues. Sometimes, the engine’s timing may be off. This can cause it to work harder than required, leading to overheating.
– Dirty Air Filter
Air filters are responsible for preventing dirt and debris from entering the mower engine. Dirty ones can cause the engine to run efficiently and quickly overheat.
Clogged air filters restrict airflow, causing the engine to work harder, and the air filters would fill up with dirt. The added stress causes the engine to overheat and seizes the engine, and the motor gets tired from functioning and the heat.
– Lack of Use
When a lawnmower sits for an extended time period without use, the engine can seize. The usual culprits are rust and corrosion, which are caused when moisture builds up in the engine. As a result, the components inside are compromised and start slowing down the machine’s life span.
In some cases, the fuel left in the engine can eventually turn into varnish and this is due to staying in for so long. This causes a buildup of debris that can clog the components of the engine. The debris buildup causes the components to function poorly, leading to engine seizure and even failure.
– Fuel-related Issues
Low-quality fuel or debris in the fuel system can cause the lawn mower to seize. Old or contaminated fuels can result in difficulty starting the engine, reduced power output, carbon buildup, and fuel system damage.
Lawn mower engine seizure is the result of the engine running poorly and causing different issues in the long run.
For instance, it could be due to ethanol, which is a component in gasoline, attracting a quantity of moisture. In this case, note that the amount of humidity that would buildup can cause rust and corrosion in the engine’s components. In some instances, debris in the fuel system causes damage to the components of the engine, causing it to seize.
– Mechanical Failure
Broken connecting rods or damaged pistons are examples of mechanical failures that are often experienced by seizing riding lawn mowers. Usually, mechanical issues are the result of a lack of regular or preventive maintenance. At times, mechanical issues arise due to the prolonged use of the machine, as well.
The Solutions That Prevent a Seized Mower Engine
The solutions that prevent a seized mower engine would be to provide regular maintenance and avoid prolonged use. You should also try to use high-quality fuel, and store the mower correctly in the winter. Address the mechanical issues immediately and break in the engine correctly.
– Regular Maintenance
Regular maintenance is essential in preventing seized lawnmower engines. The recommended engine oil change intervals must be followed as suggested by the manufacturer in the owner’s manual. This includes checking the oil level before every use, ensuring that the airflow filter is free of dirt and debris, and being keen on these details.
Additionally, checking the spark plug should be part of regular maintenance, because at times it may be the result, and fixing it would solve the issue.
Aside from the spark plug, the carburetor should be cleaned, and the engine inspected for wear and tear. Once the engine becomes well-maintained, it will be less likely to experience overheating or mechanical failure.
– Avoid Prolonged Use
Overheating is caused by dirty engine components as well as prolonged use, especially in hot weather. Keep the engine’s cooling system in good working order. You can do this by cleaning the radiator and inspecting its hoses for leaks or damage.
The engine’s cooling fins should be regularly cleaned to keep debris away and allow for proper airflow. If overheating is still occurring, the mower should be turned off and allowed to cool down before using it again, and wait for it to normalize the temperature and then use it.
– Use High-quality Fuel
Avoid ethanol-blended gasoline to reduce moisture buildup. Instead, use high-quality fuel to prevent fuel-related issues that cause your riding lawn mower to seize. Go through the owner’s manual from the manufacturer to view the recommended fuel.
Additionally, it is important to use fresh fuel and to abstain from old or cheap ones. Old or contaminated fuel can cause engine issues, especially with the spark plug, and should be completely avoided. Using high-quality fuels reduce engine and component issues, resulting in better lawnmower performance.
– Store Lawnmowers Correctly
Lawnmowers should be properly and safely stored to prevent engine seizures. Before storing your lawnmower for a long period, the fuel tank should be drained to prevent varnish buildup.
Additionally, the oil level should be inspected and topped off. Keep the mower in a dry and protected area. This will prevent rust and corrosion from occurring as a result of moisture buildup, and for the machine to be functioning in a lacking manner.
– Address Mechanical Issues Immediately
Whenever mechanical issues occur, they should be addressed as soon as possible. Unusual noises, vibrations, and performance issues are signs that your lawnmower requires attention for repair or maintenance.
By addressing them immediately, you can prevent more severe problems from developing. Once the issues have been addressed, maintain regular inspections and maintenance to identify potential mechanical issues before they result in significant damage.
– Break In New Engines Correctly
It is important to follow the instructions from the manufacturer when using a new mower for the first time. Even though it has a small engine, the lawnmower still requires proper breaking-in protocols.
Failure to comply with the manufacturer’s breaking-in protocols may lead to improper wear or overheating. Unlike a push mower, gas-fueled ones require the engine to be properly conditioned to reduce the risk of engine seizure in the future.
When you have your engine seized, it is a frustrating experience especially when you need to mow the lawn right there and immediately. With all the causes and solutions identified in this article, let’s go over some significant points:
- Lack of lubrication and dirty air filters can cause your lawnmower engine to overheat and seize up.
- Lack of use, fuel-related issues, and mechanical failures are the next common reasons that cause lawnmower engine issues.
- Prevent lawnmower seizure issues by keeping the engine well-maintained, using the mower regularly, and filling it with high-quality fuel.
- When using mowers for the first time, break them in correctly and store them in dry, protected areas to avoid moisture buildup.
- When mechanical issues arise, address them promptly to prevent more serious issues in the future.
The next time you have mower start up issues, you will know what to do. While engine seizures are concerning, use our article as your checklist to determine the causes and prevent them from happening.