History and evolution of wood cutting machinery>. Wood saw cutter machine

History and evolution of wood cutting machinery

A small excursus on the evolution of cutting machinery, to understand where we started and to imagine where we are going.

A journey through time…

To go back to the origins of the first material cutting machines in Italy we have to take a leap into the past, going back through the centuries to Roman times. Relying on historical sources, we know that the earliest testimonies date back to this period: a fact that should not surprise us, considering that the development of trade and military expansionism that made Rome great were also possible thanks to the technology at its disposal.

One of the very few accounts of water power being used for cutting and sawing stone mechanically dates back to this period: that of the poet Ausonius in the Moselle (370 AD).

Venetian-style sawmills

After the period of technological oblivion in the Middle Ages, it would be necessary to wait until the 15th century in Italy to witness the development and diffusion of wood sawing machines, which would see good use especially in the alpine valleys of the Venetian Republic – where they would be so widespread as to take the name ‘Venetian sawmills’!

Let us imagine these machines made entirely of wood (with the obvious exception of the saw) and consisting of a two-storey building located near a water course: on the lower floor the mechanisms, and on the upper floor the actual saw and a log carriage.

The ‘Venetian saw’ was also widespread in Europe, where in addition to water power, wind power or in some cases animal power was used. However, with the exception of the Veneto area, in Italy timber cutting was almost entirely performed with hand tools due to the absence of the necessary conditions for the development of this type of proto-industrial machinery.

The industrial revolution

The invention of the steam engine at the end of the eighteenth century in England completely revolutionised the scenario, making source of mechanical energy available even where the natural energy sources that powered machines until then were absent.

It was the beginning of a new era: trade flourished, new sectors in the manufacturing industry developed rapidly, and the switch to coal as the main source of energy was a crucial step towards rethinking new machinery with greater efficiency and higher quality. And it is in this context that the timber sawing sector experiences a moment of grace with the vast technological improvement of mechanical frame saws and the emergence of new machinery such as the circular saw and the Band saw.

Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the first table saws were also introduced in London, with a transmission that instead of running on gears was carried out by means of a belt from the flywheel, on which pulleys were also mounted for steam operation.

In 1922 the radial mitre saw was introduced to the market, consisting of a circular saw driven by an electric motor, mounted on a sliding horizontal arm that the operator pulls on during the cutting operation. It will be a widely used tool over the years, which in the post-war period will be joined, and in some cases replaced, by the first safer and more efficient rising blade cut-off saws.

The last decades

At the beginning of the 1980s, some companies combined their rising blade saws with electronic systems for automatic positioning of wood. Among these companies, in the Veneto region, almost picking up the legacy of the ‘Venetian sawmills’, was Salvador, one of the first in the world to realise the potential of this solution: in 1982 at the Xylexpo trade fair, the biennial world exhibition of wood technology, the company presented an innovative machine with a numerically controlled pusher, and over the years this technology was gradually applied to other models of cutting-off machines, including through-feed machines. This is an extremely important choice, as in addition to speeding up cutting, it also guarantees process optimisation, significantly reducing wood waste.

In these 40 years of development, Salvador machines have evolved to be increasingly high-performance, safe and interconnected, projecting towards a future where they will be increasingly integrated into company networks, receiving and transmitting information to each other autonomously.

We have come to the end of this overview of the evolution of wood cutting machinery. If you still have the images of these fascinating old machines in your eyes… you can try to compare them with those of our products!

Emanuele Zamperini, Evoluzione delle tecniche di taglio e segagione dei legnami da opera tra inizio Ottocento e metà novecento, in Storia dell’Ingegneria. Atti del 4 Convegno Nazionale, tomo II, aprile 2012.

Manfred Powis Bale, Woodworking Machinery, 1894. wikipedia.org/wiki/Radial_arm_saw.

The Best Saw for Cutting Wood, According to Thousands of Customer Reviews

Welcome to the Thomas guide to the best saws for cutting wood 2023. Thomas has been connecting North American industrial buyers and suppliers for more than 120 years. When you purchase products through our independent recommendations, we may earn an affiliate commission.

Any carpenter or contractor knows the value of owning one or two quality saws to make precise cuts for woodworking jobs. Using the right saw for the job can be the difference between ruining an expensive quality piece of lumber or completing a beautifully finished project.

With literally dozens of saws to choose from, all with specific features, it can be difficult to decide the best one for your needs. Before buying a woodcutting saw, it’s essential to know about the different saws on the market and what each of these tools is designed to do.

Different Types of Saws

Most saws for woodcutting are now either battery-powered or electric. Although the technology for battery-operated models has improved dramatically over the past decade, some professionals will argue that the most powerful saws are still electrically powered. With that being said, cordless models are an excellent option for areas that don’t have an electric power source. Below are the most common saws for home or professional use.

Circular Saw

Circular saws are the most popular tool types to cut lumber, plywood, or other materials that require a straight line cut. A circular saw features a powerful circular metal blade that is helpful in making accurate cuts. These tools are available either in corded or battery-powered models and you can also get a circular saw with a laser for even more accurate cuts

Miter Saw

Miter saws can cut angles between 45–90 degrees to create a finished look on a piece of lumber and are one of the best circular saws where a large cutting width is needed. The tool is adjusted to the proper angle by rotating the table and tipping the head of the tool sideways until the desired angle is reached.


Used chiefly for its lightweight and compact design, a jigsaw can create round or curved cuts. The motor on a jigsaw isn’t very powerful, so it isn’t recommended for use on harder materials like concrete or stone.

Saber Saw

Perfect for slicing into narrow corners, this tool can also be referred to as an electric handsaw. The blades can be interchanged to expand their uses and to be able to cut more depth depending on the model.

Chain Saw

These power tools are primarily used to cut large limbs from trees. To learn more about chainsaws and best picks, visit our article here.

Reciprocating Saw

As the name suggests, reciprocating saws have a reciprocating motion and are ideal for carving walls that circular saws or other types of saws aren’t designed to cut. The metal blade on this tool is narrow with long teeth, and there is an adjustable shoe that helps extend the life of the blade. The shoe can also be modified to create more control when cutting items that may bend. Usually lightweight, some reciprocating saws can be used to slice lumber with one hand and have similar functions as a chain saw.

Plunge Saw

Nothing works better for straight cuts than a plunge saw. It can make more accurate cuts due to its guide rails, powerful motor, and laser guide. Handypersons can also use this circular saw on various materials, such as plywood, plastic, or metal.

Compound Miter Saw

Unlike other miter tool models, a compound miter saw is used for angled cuts in lumber or other materials. It is the best circular saw to trim Windows quickly or dock a baseboard.

Thomas’ Top Picks for the Best Saws for Cutting Wood in 2023

Below you’ll find a list of the best woodcutting saws (and other material like plywood), including circular saws, that provide an accurate cut, with models that are light in weight, corded and cordless, ideal for professionals or homeowners alike, as well as those on a budget.

Best Budget Woodcutting Saws: GALAX PRO 4Amp, 4.5-Inch Budget Saw | Buy Now

Best Worm Drive Saw for Woodcutting: SKILSAW SPT77W-01 15-Amp 7 1/4-Inch Worm Drive Saw | Buy Now

Best Dual-Bevel Compound Woodworking Miter Saw: Makita Cordless 6.5-Inch Compact, Dual-Bevel Compound Miter Saw | Buy Now

on these top power tools, including a look at their features, is below.

listed in this article were as shown in US on amazon.com (USA) as of April 2022.

Best Cordless Circular Saw—POPOMAN Circular Saw Cordless

Get the job done with this lithium-ion battery-powered circular saw from POPOMAN, which is one of the best-rated circular saws. This power tool is one of the best circular saws to cut various materials due to its multiple blades. Each blade is designed for a specific material like plastic, metal, or tile. It is also lightweight and includes a laser for incredibly accurate and straight cuts and a dust blower that can be connected to a vacuum port.

One satisfied buyer reviewed this circular saw and wrote, “For a battery-powered model, it’s incredibly strong, can create an angle from 0–45 degrees at a depth of 1–11 inches at 90 degrees and 1 ⅛-inch at 45 degrees. Power safety features include a metal blade guard, rubberized grip, and a double protection button,” and another added, “Great circular saw. Lightweight. Easy to use and adjust. Accurate cuts. Best battery life of any of my other tools.”

Power: 4 amp motor

Max Speed: 4,500 RPM

Blade Length: Three blades at 4.5-inches

Best Corded Woodcutting Circular Saw—Makita Circular Saw Corded

This powerful Makita is on of the few corded circular saws on the market with the blade located to the left of the machine, providing a better site range than right blade models. This power tool can not only make precise cuts in a straight line, but it also has impressive safety features like an electric safety brake and a lock button. The heavy-duty motor allows this circular saw to slice a variety of materials with ease. The only downside to this model is that it doesn’t have a laser guide.

“I have used this saw in the trades for everything,” raved one shopper, and continued. “I have always had two of them. One for on the ground and one for on the roof, so that when I’m doing framing, I have a saw for each person. I used Matsushita blades for this saw, and it cuts perfectly with little to no tear-out.” Another customer added, “Great little saw. Plenty of power. Took some getting used to having the blade on the left after a lifetime of right side bladed saws, but better visibility is one reason I bought it.”

Power: 8.0 AMP motor

Max Speed: 8,000 RPM

Blade Length: 5.5 in.

Best Lightweight Woodcutting Circular Saw—WORX Lightweight Circular Saw

One of the best circular saws that can be transported to different job sites, this WORX lightweight circular saw weighs a mere 5.07 pounds. Its left blade design is in the user’s line of sight, making it easier to make straight cuts while its strong motor can get through a range of materials. This tool comes equipped with a laser guide, dust blower, safety button, and the ability to make simple and quick depth modifications.

One customer wrote, “I bought this to use on a few light woodworking projects involving cutting openings in ½ inch plywood, and hard to reach areas of ⅝ inch sheetrock in the ceiling. It does a nice precise cut, and the saw went through the plywood easily. The saw is lightweight to hold, [and] well-balanced. ”

Power: 6 AMP

Max Speed: 4,000 RPM

Blade Length: 4.5-inch

Best Budget Woodcutting Circular Saw—GALAX PRO Budget Circular Saw

Designed for light projects, GALAX PRO’s circular saw is a steal at just under US60. This small circular saw with laser has the same features that are included in much pricier models, including a dust blower, blade guard, safety release, and safety guard. The laser guide with a scale ruler allows users to create more precise cuts, bevel cuts, or even a plunge cut.

“Perfect for small to medium projects at [an] affordable price,” explained one happy reviewer. “Powerful enough to [be] a small one-handed tool. Easy to control,” and another added that the circular saw has safety features that are “easy to understand and use. In fact, this saw is easier to use one-handed. It’s also easy to miter the saw to cut at an angle, or to change the depth of the saw’s cut. This makes the saw pretty versatile for its low price.”

Power: 4 AMP motor

Max Speed: 3,500 RPM

Blade Length: 4.5-inch blade

Best Heavy-Duty Woodcutting Circular Saw—Makita Heavy-Duty Circular Saw

For bigger projects, nothing provides a better performance than this attractive Makita circular saw. Its large cutting capacity and powerful 15 amp motor make it a contender for the best circular saw for creating straight cuts in large pieces of lumber with just one pass. Although it is a bit heavy, it features two grip handles and its balanced weight allows easy control when making significant cuts. This tool can also create an angle up to 50 degrees.

history, evolution, wood, cutting, machinery, cutter

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One pleased purchaser explained, ”A bit on the heavy side, but that is to be expected from a saw this size. Best part is you can cut a 4 x 4 in a single pass.” Another added, “The saw is fairly heavy but makes for easier hard cuts. It’s Comfortable and powerful and well worth every penny!”

Power: 15 amp motor

Max Speed: 4,300 RPM

Blade Length: 10 1/4-inch blade

Best Miter Woodcutting Circular Saw—DeWALT Miter Circular Saw

Professionals who need a heavy-duty circular saw to create miters won’t be disappointed with this DeWALT tool; according to thousands of customers, it’s the best circular saw for making miter cuts. The stainless steel plate has 10 positive stops, a detent override, and a cam-lock miter grip to ensure more precise cuts. Other features include the ability to create miters at a depth of 6 ¾ of an inch, and a beveling capacity of 0–48 degrees in both directions.

One reviewer reported, “If you aren’t already aware, this DeWALT 12-in sliding compound miter saw is already one of the most highly rated miter circular saws on the market. It’s perfectly suited for job sites as well as garage shops for the DIYer. It is a hefty piece of equipment that feels solid in all the right places. With a 12-in blade and the ability to slide, this saw is capable of cross-cutting very wide stock.”

Power: 15 AMP

Max Speed: 3,800 RPM

Blade Length: 12-inch

Best Reciprocating Woodcutting Saw—BD Reciprocating Hand Saw

This battery-powered reciprocating saw gets the job done for projects that don’t require a circular saw. It’s easy to use, has a pivoting shoe for greater control, an electric brake for added safety. The blade can also be installed upside down, so the teeth point up for flush cutting. This tool is compatible with any 20V lithium-ion batteries from this popular brand.

One customer clarified, “Finally got my tree branches cut using my new saw, and it was effortless. Then tackled taking pallets apart by just cutting through the nails. Zip Zip, like butter, took no time at all! Absolutely love that you just push a button to change the blade, so quick and easy.”

Power: Lithium-Ion Battery

Max Speed: 3,000 RPM

Blade Length: Comes with a 5-inch blade and accepts blades up to 12-inches

Best Worm Drive Woodcutting Circular Saw—SKILSAW Worm Drive 01 Circular Saw

This 01 circular saw from SKILSAW received consistently high reviews for having the most powerful motor in its class. This model is one pound lighter in weight than the previous SKILSAW (SKIL SHD77) model while still boasting the same features. Its worm drive motor allows this tool to slice through almost any material easily and make bevel cuts. This is the best circular saw for many different projects, big or small, due to its power, cutting depth, almost all-metal body, and dual-field motor.

One shopper raved, “Cut through a 2×4 like it was swiss cheese. Feels smooth and quiet too. And heavy in the hands, so it’s easy to cut nice and square. Just square up the shoe to the workpiece, eyeball, and make the cut.” Another five-star reviewer added, “The Skilsaw model 77 worm drive circular saw sets the bar for all uses. Whether cross-cutting or ripping, this saw plows through material like butter. If you are a carpenter, you know the quality of the 77. Best framing saw in the world!”

Power: 15 amp motor

Max Speed: 5,300 RPM

Blade Length: 7 ¼ inch

Best JigSaw for Woodcutting—BD Saw

For projects that demand round cuts, this jigsaw takes the cake. The adjustable shoe offers greater balance and the ability to make beveled cuts, and the wire guide keeps the line of sight clear. At the same time, the ¾ inch blade renders more accuracy, and four settings provide more variability for curved cuts.

One customer who raved about the price and power of this tool explained, “Any jigsaw will be a little noisy, but this one seems a little quieter. I need [a] cut with a lot of curves, and this bad boy delivers with ease,” while another added, “Really nice jigsaw, very powerful and makes clean, smooth cuts.”

Power: 5 AMP

Max Speed: 3,000 SPM

Blade Length: 3-inch blade

Best Cordless Dual-Bevel Woodworking Circular Saw—Makita Cordless Compound Circular Saw

This Makita tool is the best circular saw for projects that an extension cord just can’t reach. This 18V battery-powered compound miter saw can miter detents at five different degrees, create 0–52 degree miters, and angle 0–46 degrees in both directions. The solid aluminum base stabilizes this machine while cutting, and the electric brake offers added safety. LED light increases visibility, and the Star Protection ensures the tool doesn’t overheat, overload or over-discharge.

“It is a Lamborghini/Ferrari of the miter circular saws,” expressed one happy buyer, and continued. “Small and light yet powerful. The electric brake is a dream! Stops the blade in less than a second, increasing your productivity. Working light and cut-line laser. There’s not much left to ask from a miter saw. Oh, and the blade is a dream too. Leaves the cut surface ready for finishing.”

Power: 18V battery

Max Speed: Automatic speed change

Blade Length: 6.5 inches

Best Woodcutting Saws of 2023—Summary

With all of the available options for woodcutting saws, it can be challenging to decide which model is the best multi-use tool and which features to go for. SKILSAW’s circular saws (US179 (Was US199.99), Amazon) are a top choice for professionals looking for power and variability, and nothing was better rated for creating a miter or beveled cut than the Makita cordless compound miter saw (US544, Amazon).

We hope our review of the best saws for woodcutting, including the best circular saw, has been helpful. For more similar suppliers, including suppliers of saw blades, milling saw blades, table saws, and metal circular saw cutting blades, consult our additional guides or visit the Thomas Supplier Discovery Platform.

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Used multi-blade saws 62

For sale is a TOS SVITAVY multi-saw, two-shaft. Year of production 1996. The machine is operational, after regeneration of the track link. The upper shaft is available separately. Motors and pulleys in working order.

Price on request

A.COSTA PUMA/2/40 Multi-blade saw

Price on request

Raimann KM 310 BV Multi-blade saw

Price on request

Comeva SME 300/120 Multi-blade saw

CML SCA320R-T350 Multi-blade saw

Year: ~ 1990

Price on request

Multihead 022 Multi-blade saw

WURSTER DIETZ WD Multi-blade saw

WURSTER DIETZ trimming line with:. catenary transfer of the planks coming from the sawmills, with horizontal part on the ground for plank stationing vertical inclined part for single plank loading. feeding unit of the cutting line, with automatic transport and centering of the single board to be trimmed, and with saw unit for trimming to size …

Price on request

Tos Svitavy PKSN 32 Multi-blade saw

Weinig Variomat Multi-blade saw

Raimann KS 310 BV Multi-blade saw

Raimann KD31 340/200 Multi-blade saw

A. COSTA PUMA 2/60 350/160 Multi-blade saw

TOS Svitavy PWR 402 440/200 Multi-blade saw

KSE 440 Multi-Blade Saw / Circular Saw

Price on request

Raimann Econorip 310 340/110 Multi-blade saw

TOS Svitavy PWR 402 440/200 Multi-blade saw

history, evolution, wood, cutting, machinery, cutter

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Raimann KR 310E 340/140 Multi-blade saw

WP 165 2W Brodpol 380/16 Multi-blade saw

Fermin Elola. SCM 350 Multi-blade saw

TOS SVITAVY PWR 402 440/200 Multi-blade saw

A multi-blade saw is a saw that allows pieces of wood to be cut in more than one location. all at the same time. The cutting is often referred to as ripping and is combined with longitudinal cutting to make the first stage of wood processing more efficient and done in a faster way.

Featuring two or more circular blades that are mounted on a saw shaft, multi-blade saws use rings that are pushed against the shaft, allowing motion that cuts wood of varying sizes in a quick and accurate manner.

Nowadays, multi-blade saws are used to produce wooden work pieces of exact widths, lengths and sizes. all based on a unique selection of distance rings. This saves people time from having two use two or more machines or from having to unload the same pieces of wood in order to achieve the desired dimensions.

How do modern multi-blade saws work?

Basically, the large production lines are the main aspect that uses a slight variation of the multi-blade saw that is known as a gang saw. This multi-blade cutting machine usually adopts a CNC technology with a central computer that directs its precise movements and cuts. all in order to ensure greater speed and accuracy.

As soon as the wood is properly positioned on a low-vibration horizontal table, the multi-blade saw moves against it (located on a mobile bridge), ensuring a stable feeding mechanism. The main moving parts here are the blades, the mobile clamping unit and the feed mechanism. Each of them is properly optimized and configured for speed, accuracy and efficiency.

Customizability is another great feature when it comes to multi-blade saws. For example, different saws can be customized by adding adjustable saws, anti-kickback devices as well as feeding mechanisms that all help in optimizing the workflow. Even though equipment like this can be expensive for small operations, it definitely does wonders when it comes to speed, reliability and accuracy.

Why are multi-blade saws ideal for large-scale production?

There are many wood processors and manufacturers out there who are in constant need of a machine that cuts the exact dimensions using simple methods.

Luckily, multi-blade saws are exactly that. machines that decrease the processing and maintenance costs while ensuring proper quality and incredible results. It only takes one load, unload and reload of a piece of wood to be able to cut it from each side, lengthways and widthways.

Multi-blade saws and their area of use

Efficient, profitable and quick. multi-blade saws come in a range of sizes which means that they can be used everywhere, from small workshops to large-scale production facilities.

Most of the common woodworking operations use rip saws to cut specific shapes and sizes of wood which are essential in the production of beams, boards and furniture. However, multi-blade saws are used for natural stone processing as well.

Main advantages and popular multi-blade saw manufacturers

As we said earlier, the strongest advantages of multi-blade saws include the accuracy as the first and foremost advantage. as well as the reliability and speed coming next. These machines are certainly making woodcutting a lot easier and changing the perspective of furniture production, the production of beams and boards as well as wood parts for certain industries.

Multi-blade saws are also incremental for large-scale production where manufacturers can increase capital expenditure, processing and maintenance costs. and load, unload and reload pieces of wood in a time-efficient and cost-effective way.

  • PAUL
  • IWM
  • SCM
  • Bauerle
  • A.Costa
  • Holytek
  • and many others

Buying new vs. used multi-blade rip saws

At Exapro, we pride ourselves on the wide selection of multi-blade saws, rip saws, panel saws and other similar tools at the most competitive prices. You can compare some of the newest multi-blade saws and find them at the best price. or choose a second-hand multi-blade saw from manufacturers like NEVA, PAUL, CML, RAIMANN, SCHROEDER, TOS, WALTER and many others.

There are filters that can help you in your search for the perfect multi-blade saws and help you make a solid and well-informed decision. Whether it’s your home, workshop or large-scale business, our selection of multi-blade saws is huge and can help you in the production of beams, boards or furniture.

Wood laser cutter machines for Best price in 2023

A wood laser cutter machine is both simple and complex. It works in three axes. The tool processes material, cuts or engraves using two basic parameters – power and speed. At the same time, a laser cutter is more complex than all others are. This peculiarity arises because of the huge list of materials it is capable of processing.

How to select a wood laser cutter for home use?

If you choose the wrong wood laser cutter for woodworking, you can encounter many negative factors. Different categories of machines are available today. There are simpler models and professional tools designed to work 24/7.

An inappropriate machine can lead to the fact that the customer runs the risk of not being able to make some complex products. This often occurs due to the wrong choice of:

  • The size of the working area;
  • The power of a co2 tube;
  • The structural elements.

As a result, the laser cutter machine is not able to process a particular material. For example, if a device with insufficient rigidity, wall thickness and lack of a frame is chosen, it eliminates the possibility of working on stone or performing operations with other heavy products directly on the work table and requires a clamp truck, which the design of a budget cnc cutting machine often does not allow for.

Support and maintenance of wood cutter machine

The main negative factors that occur when a wood laser cutter malfunctions are breakdowns. They occur due to:

  • Improper operation;
  • Use of low quality components for a particular task;
  • Influence of external factors.

If the laser cutter machine is broken, the breakdown should be repaired in the shortest possible time. In order for the repair not to cause difficulties, it is necessary to purchase a cnc cutting machine, the components for which are produced by well-known brands.

In case a laser cutter that is not suitable for woodcutting or the required task is selected, this will encourage users to make modifications for subsequent cnc cutting machine. This approach is unacceptable and significantly slows down the production process.

It is possible for defects to occur. In the production of laser cutter, this phenomenon cannot usually be dealt with. To avoid this, it is necessary to buy cnc wood cutter machines from well-known manufacturers.

To make sure that the product is original, you need to pay attention to the name. It should match the name of the factory. Reputable manufacturers supply components for their products. If a manufacturer cares about its reputation, it strives to avoid even small inaccuracies.

Size and power of a laser wood cutter

CNC wood cutter machines consist of a number of structural elements. They are divided into several groups:

Tooling is one of the main groups of structural elements of a cnc laser cutter machine. This category includes a co2 tube.

Most often, laser cutters allow more than one tube by power type. This means that they can be changed depending on the customer’s task. The cooling of the equipment will also depend on this. Considering which tube is chosen, a chiller is purchased.

In the main bundle with the laser tube there is an ignition unit (high voltage unit). This is actually the power supply for the laser tube. It is also affected by the power of the tube. Today, manufacturers offer ignition units that can be adjusted when working on wood or other materials. However, when replacing the tube, you often have to change the high voltage unit, too. Usually machines used CO2 emitter.

The lenses can be of different diameters and have different focal lengths, which affects the size of the bridge. They are called:

If a client needs to cut thick material with a cnc cutting machine, a long-FOCUS lens is used. When laser cutter wood or other material with a thickness of 4-8 mm, it is enough to use a short-focused lens. This allows working without the occurrence of taper. It is important to note that changing the optics takes the operator from a few seconds to a minute.

Also, the head is supplied with air, which is necessary to cool the laser cutting site or to blow out the products of combustion. The main purpose of such a system is to protect the lens from soot. Some materials can be cut without air. But then there is a chance of burning the material.

Wattsan wood laser cutter

Wattsan wood laser cutter machines are equipped with the function of lifting and lowering the table. It is marked with the “ST” and “LT”. The function is available in cnc machines with a working area size:

The function is necessary for those who perform laser cutting of three-dimensional flat materials. In addition, there is an ST function. It provides a stationary table for cnc cutting. The function is required for those who cut flat materials only.

Wattsan 6090

Work area 900 x 600 mm
Tube power 80-90 W
Max engraving speed 700 mm
Dimensions 1030 mm 1490 mm 670 mm 315 mm (if on its wheels)

Today, the most popular laser cutter for cutting, engraving, and woodworking in general is the Wattsan 60 90 LT or ST. This modification is distinguished by a unique working area, which is designed for cutting sheets of plywood. The 60 90 is so popular precisely because of its size, low price, and a large number of improvements made to it.

The thickness of the cnc machine body is the same as that of larger tools, which makes it, due to its smaller size, even more rigid and stable. The machine is equipped with a chain mechanism for lifting and lowering the table, which is driven by an asynchronous motor.

A funnel-shaped niche for garbage protects the chain from small pieces. In addition, it gives extra rigidity. The Wattsan 60 90 has an unusually durable portal and proper selection of all components.

For woodcutting, the cnc machine can be equipped with a narrower nozzle, which, with a standard compressor and a smaller cross-sectional area, gives a higher blowout. Sometimes a wide nozzle is used, which is necessary for engraving. Then the blowing capacity is slightly reduced, and the combustion residue does not stick to the material.

The Wattsan 60 90 is the most popular machine on the market. This has been achieved because of a combination of the following factors:

The machine can be equipped with several co2 tubes. The standard version comes with an 80 W laser tube.

Wattsan 1610

Work area 1600 x 1000 mm
Tube power 100-120W
Max engraving speed 700 mm
Dimensions 1505 mm 2200 mm 670 315 mm (if on its wheels)

The Wattsan 1610 LT/ST machine allows you to cut wood with a laser with almost no pre-cutting, using a through table. A sheet can be placed on it if the final product is smaller than the size of the working area. Wattsan NC-C1612 can cut metal.

Some of the material will hang down behind the machine after pre-cutting. It can either be cut off immediately, or a sheet of plywood or wood can be pulled under the portal.

As standard, the laser cutter comes with a 100-120 W tube for laser cutting and can be equipped with both a lower power tube and a larger one depending on the thickness and required cutting speed of the cutting on wood.

The Wattsan 16 10 LT/ST machine has a large number of improvements to simplify woodcutting. In addition to the fact that all machines have proper design, they have thick walled metal bodies. Customers prefer this type of equipment because of:

  • Proper construction;
  • Planetary gearboxes, which significantly extends the life of stepper motors;
  • Rubber belts.

Rubber belts can be pulled tighter than conventional belts and this will not cause wobble. As a result, it is possible to obtain a perfectly even edge when working on wood.

Wattsan 2030

Work area 3000 x 2000 mm
Tube power 100-120W
Max engraving speed 500 mm
Dimensions 2400 mm 3750 mm 800 mm

The Wattsan 2030 is designed for cutting wood and other materials in full size. It will easily fit a sheet of plywood. It can be cut into the necessary elements without pre-cutting, which is unusually convenient especially when working with plywood over 6 mm thick. Thin plywood can bend somewhat, disrupting the focal length. That is why weights are often used on this machine.

Also the Wattsan 20 30 is designed to cut acrylic in full size. There is a portal in which the tube is located. It allows you to keep a small dot of a laser beam, thereby achieving excellent laser cutting quality.

The machine is equipped with 2 steppers. Some manufacturers use one engine to move the portal along Y, which is fundamentally wrong. This approach quickly leads to distortions of the portal when working on wood.

This laser cutter is not normally used for engraving, although it is capable of this. If necessary, the process will be carried out at a lower speed than on machines with a smaller working area.

The main advantage of the Wattsan 20 30 is its size. However, at the same time it is also its main disadvantage. Precisely because of its size, it costs more than analogues and is not so popular among customers. Most often it is purchased by large industrial companies.

Wattsan 6040

Work area 600 x 400 mm
Tube power 80-90W
Max engraving speed 500 mm
Dimensions 765 mm 1165 mm 600 mm

The Wattsan 60 40 is a cnc laser cutter with an 80 W laser tube. It is a desktop model for home use, which has the ability to replace the laser tube to a more powerful one due to the universal fasteners.

However normally this is not necessary since the main materials the machine cut do not exceed a thickness of 8 mm. Usually it is used to work on materials with a thickness of 4 mm.

The machine can be upgraded if needed. It happens rarely though. The laser tool has a proper structure and reinforced portal allowing working at high speed. As a rule, 50% of the operation time, this machine is used for engraving, and 50% for cutting.

Wattsan 1290

Work area 1200 x 900 mm
Tube power 100-120W
Max engraving speed 700 mm
Dimensions 1410 mm 1790 mm 670 mm 315 mm (if on its wheels)

The Wattsan 12 90 is the most often choice for those customers who buy their first cnc laser cutter machine. It is chosen if there is a need for an industrial machine, but the budget is limited. The price for the Wattsan 12 90 is not as high as for the 16 10 one and not as low as for cheaper counterparts. The machine comes with a 100-120 W laser tube that is mostly intended for laser cutting. However, engraving is also possible on this laser equipment due to the potentiometer, which allows adjusting power to less than 10%.

Wattsan 0503

Work area 500 x 300 mm
Tube power 60W
Max engraving speed 700 mm
Dimensions 650 mm 1040 mm 575 mm

The Wattsan 05 03 laser desktop machine is one of the most popular among our clients. Its main disadvantage is a 60 W laser tube and lack of universal fasteners. It is mostly used for engraving.

Most often novice customers buy this machine with a rotary device. However we would not recommend this if you are not sure, you will process cylindrical objects. But if this is the main purpose of the purchase, it will reduce the payback period of the machine at times.

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At the same time, upgrading this tool to a more powerful laser tube is quite difficult. The laser machine is the cheapest among those mentioned above. That is why it is so popular.

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How do a laser cutter machine for wood work?

In order to understand how a laser machine for woodcutting works, it is needed to learn the simple rule. It is as follows: 10 W of the laser tube power is enough to cut 1 mm of plywood. It is essential to consider this material due to the fact that plywood is the closest to wood.

This lifehack means that to cut 6 mm of plywood the user needs a 60 W laser tube. This feature must be taken into account when choosing a laser machine. But there are some nuances. For example, the tube must operate at 80% of its stated power.

As a result, the requirements have changed. To cut 6 mm of plywood, a minimum 80 W laser tube is needed. As the power of the tube increases, the processing speed will increase, too.

It is important to pay attention to cutting different types of wood. Most of them are treated the same way as plywood. The only difference is that it has adhesives. However, some types of wood are easier to cut and some are more difficult. It depends on:

  • The moisture content of the wood;
  • The density of the material;
  • The presence of additional components, such as glue.

To understand the peculiarities of laser woodcutting, it is important to learn the details of the process.

It is based on a laser beam. It is generated in a laser tube, and then through a system of mirrors it enters directly into the laser head, in which the optics are located. The lens collects the laser beam coming into it at a minimum point. The size of this point is adjusted by the operator during the initial setting when switching on. Its size depends on the material used. The concentrated and focused beam hits the material and causes it to evaporate.

In addition, air is supplied to the laser head under pressure. It keeps the material from catching fire. The air blows off the combustion products and significantly affects the cutting frequency. With this simple method, laser cutting on wood occurs.

The cnc laser machines have two main parameters; they are power and speed. To cut any material, it is necessary to increase power and decrease speed. When engraving is carried out, the situation is reversed. To implement the procedure, you need to increase the speed and reduce the power.

The sequence for cnc laser cutting and engraving is strictly defined. Initially the engraving takes place and then the laser cuts the wood. If you do the opposite, the laser head will not recognize that the part has fallen below.

As a result, the laser machine will work on a blank spot. This is why engraving is done first and then laser cutting.

What can be done with a laser cutter machine?

The equipment is versatile. It can be used to produce:

  • Wooden puzzles;
  • Toys;
  • Prototypes;
  • Other wooden goods.

When considering the scope of application, the souvenir industry deserves attention. Laser cutting or engraving can be applied either to clean wood without pre-treatment, or with a sequential drawing.

The second method is used when making magnets or wooden puzzles. Additionally, it is relevant in the production of furniture, complex items, and products with internal straight or sharp angles, which cannot be done on any other machine.

It is possible to make children’s toys from wood. Due to the fact that wood is an environmentally friendly product, and laser cutting does not worsen or improve the properties of the product in the least, it has become widespread in the children’s industry.

Very often the machine is used by large companies to create a prototype. It is even used in aircraft construction. Before making any large products, a prototype is created. It allows you to assess the features of the object in advance, to understand how to work on it better. The method is used when creating:

  • Planes;
  • Complex machines;
  • Other equipment, an error in the manufacture of which will lead to high expenses.

The prototype is made of wood or plastic. The item is made directly on the laser machine. This is possible because of the extraordinary flexibility of the cutter machine. This means that if the part is not satisfactory after cutting in wood, it can be redesigned almost immediately by starting the laser machine over again.

It is acceptable to use a cnc machine in conjunction with other types of equipment. For example, in the production of puzzles, the wood is initially painted, and then it is cut with cnc machine. Not only the laser but also the cnc routers is involved in the process.

Using the capabilities of the laser machine a variety of packaging is manufactured. It is made of wood. Usually the equipment is used if it is necessary to create a unique product. However, there are machines for scaling, such as the Wattsan 16 10, where two products can be done in parallel.

In other words, the machine is used everywhere for woodcutting. Often it is the only possible option for drawing or cnc cutting on wood due to the complexity of the design. Such capabilities are provided by little help from a laser beam.


Starting the modernization of Watson wood laser cutters, we set ourselves the goal of achieving their exclusivity and making them convenient for use in the maximum possible number of spheres. Many modifications made to the machine were done after:

  • Analyzing customers feedback;
  • Studying the opinions of our engineers;
  • Checking the results of testing.

For example, one of the world’s largest wooden puzzle manufacturers has made four or five improvements to our laser woodworking machine. They affected the quality of the products and post-processing required.

We put a combination of the following factors at the top of the list:

  • Use of the most reliable and high-quality components;
  • Selection of parts depending on the prevalence on the market;
  • Possibility of quick replacement of components.

We understand that components should not only be reliable, but also interchangeable.

The second factor that affects trouble-free woodwork is service support. At the moment it is implemented remotely.

Any Watson customer, even if they bought the machine on the secondary market, can contact our website by the serial number of the machine and get comprehensive advice on the problem that has arisen.

We do not care whom you bought your woodworking machine from. What matters to us is that you are a Wattsan customer.

Also, we are always working on the best logistics system. Our laser woodworking and engraving machines are shipped all over the world. Today, the most common users of our products are:

With each call from our clients, we work out the logistics better and better. In addition to standard delivery terms, in some regions we can offer both woodcutting machines from stock and delivery with the help of brokers who have already proven themselves.

Wattsan cnc machines are designed for woodworking and obtaining the highest quality product without post-processing. We are constantly improving them, allowing the client not to deal with additional cleaning of the edge and immediately send the received products for sale.

In addition, we work to ensure that the time spent on the manufacturing of the product is as short as possible. Using our equipment, you can get the most competitive products. Those who are not engaged in post-processing of products have a competitive advantage of 20-30% of the cost.

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