It took me 26 years to finally see Blink-182 live. It was worth the 2-hour…

You Should Pay Attention To Your Astrology Chart Shapes

There are many things your astrology chart shapes can tell you at first glance. You can easily see basics like your sun, moon, and ascendant signs. And you can also dive deeper into the placements of planets and how they interact with each other at very specific angles.

But, don’t forget that you can also find significant insight by looking at your astrology chart shapes.

Why Are Astrology Chart Shapes Important?

The general shape of your astrology chart can say something about your tendencies that show up repeatedly in your life. Each distinct shape has strengths and weaknesses associated with it.

With that said, it can only help you to be more aware of your own advantages and disadvantages in life. It can also be a vital tool for you in your journey of self-discovery. Make good use of it as you try to overcome your own limitations and become a better person.

What Are The Different Astrology Chart Shapes?

It’s worth noting that your astrology chart shapes may not be obvious at first glance. However, pay extra close attention if your astrology chart does come together to form a distinct shape. This means that its shape can provide a lot of insight into your life.


The seesaw shape means that the planets in your chart are in 2 clusters on opposite sides. These clusters also need to have at least 60 degrees between them on both sides.

Much like a seesaw, you may often find yourself chasing an idea of stability and balance. Your life may often be in flux, and you might find yourself bouncing back and forth between extremes.

Thankfully, this shape indicates a depth of perspective. You can learn more from your past experiences because you keep an open mind. This perspective is compounded by the constant excitement your life brings you.

It’s not just limited to yourself as well. You tend to also be keenly aware of your relationships with others.

But, no matter what curveballs life may throw at you, you are often aware of the different possibilities ahead of you. Depending on how you process this, it can confuse you or it can inspire you.


A bowl shape means all the planets are on one half of your astrology chart. In fact, this bowl shape may even be sealed by two planets directly opposing each other.

If your astrology chart shapes up to look like a bowl, you may keep to yourself a lot. Additionally, you may also be quite resourceful. On the other hand, your one-sided nature may leave you with large glaring blind spots in life.

With that said the challenge for you is to break out of your comfort zone. And you have to strike a balance between both sides of your chart.

Regardless of which side of the chart your bowl lies on, those under the bowl shape tend to have certain commonalities. For instance, your energies are often concentrated on achieving your goals. You know what you want and you don’t fret on things outside this sometimes narrow viewpoint.


A bucket shape is similar to a bowl. All planets are on the same side, except that a bucket shape has one planet on the other side. often than not, this single planet opposes one of the planets on the other side. Note that this planet is also known as a singleton planet

Naturally, the singleton planet dominates an entire half of the chart. Because of this, it acts as a dominant force to balance out the energies of your chart. It is the focal point upon which all the other energies channel through. In a nutshell, the singleton planet influences the energies of all the other planets on the other side.

If your astrology chart shapes turned out to be a bucket, you may be goal-oriented in general. This is largely thanks to how all your energies are focused through the singleton planet. In fact, you should be paying attention to the house and sign that your singleton planet lies in. After all, it is key to figuring out where and how you should be applying your FOCUS.

took, years, finally, blink-182, live, 2-hour


If your astrology chart shapes up to be a splash, this means that your chart has evenly distributed planets. This usually also means that the planets occupy as many sun signs as possible.

If you fall under this particular pattern, you are more open-minded than others. Just like your chart’s shape, you are more adaptable and versatile. This also means that you aren’t as focused as others, but you also aren’t as stubborn.

One thing to watch out for is spreading yourself too thin. Since you tend to favor a jack of all trades mindset, you run the risk of losing direction. The challenge, then, is to FOCUS on the things that you care about without stifling yourself.


Your astrology chart may have planets located only in a third of the chart. When this happens, your chart takes on the shape of a bundle.

This particular shape is rarer than all the others. In a twist of fate, however, it signifies narrowness. Specifically, it speaks of a shallow pool of experience and a tendency to tunnel vision.

On the one hand, this narrowness implies a powerful drive and aptitude towards the area the planets reside in. On the other hand, this talent and skill comes at a cost. The other areas of your life tend to fall by the wayside as you deepen your specialized expertise.

With that said, you tend to have a strong sense of self. You know what you want and you can really hone in on what it takes to achieve your goals. If your planets fall on the bottom half of the chart, you may lean towards more personal issues. Otherwise, if they fall on the top half, you may be more inclined towards public issues.


Your chart is locomotive shaped if the planets in your astrology chart are spread over two-thirds of the chart.

But what does this mean for your personality? You can be quite dynamic, and you naturally gravitate towards challenges. Much like a real locomotive, you are self-driving. This means that you internalize your motivations and are less reliant on external incentives.

However, despite your grit, pay attention to the third of your chart devoid of planets. It represents your weaknesses. Or at least, it represents the parts of your life that you aren’t quite proficient in.

Pay close attention to the planet that leads the others in a clockwise pattern. This planet represents the engine of the locomotive, or your drive and motivation. The sign and house that it resides in show you what motivates you.


The splay shape is interesting in that it is the most common shape. But at the same time, it’s also the least defined shape of them all. It gets its name because its planets are unevenly spread.

However, the chart needs to have at least 2 clusters of planets to qualify as a splay shape. The rest of the planets can be in random areas. But, take note that the clusters could be made up of up to three planets. They may even be linked to each other.

If your astrology chart is splay-shaped, then you are very individualistic. Sometimes, this can work to your detriment. You may have trouble adjusting to other people and often take a “my way or the highway” approach with others.

Regardless, you are fiercely independent. You value your freedom, hold fast to your own beliefs, and can thrive without overly relying on others. Just make sure that your stubborn resilience does not manifest as intolerance.

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It took me 26 years to finally see Blink-182 live. It was worth the 2-hour drive and 187 tickets.

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  • I grew up in South America listening to all the popular punk bands from the 90s and 00s.
  • As an adult, I’ve been trying to go see all my favorite bands from when I was growing up.
  • Blink 182 was one of the last ones, 26 years in the making, and worth the wait.

When I heard Blink-182 was going back on tour after Tom DeLonge’s second return to the Band, I was determined to finally see them live.

When Blink became mainstream in the late ’90s, I heard about them from my high school boyfriend in Brazil. I remember carrying “Dude Ranch” — the Band’s 1997 album — in my JanSport backpack, ready to play the CD on my way back home from school.

Blink-182 got me through my teenage angsty years when I felt no one got me. Their lyrics complaining about how much life sucks as a teen made me feel less alone. The Band’s music was also the soundtrack to my relationship until I broke my boyfriend’s heart, and then years later, he broke my heart in return.

Since moving to the US as an adult, I’ve made a point of seeing all the bands I grew up listening to that didn’t make it to South America with their tours, like Garbage and Rancid. I checked off most of my list over the years, but not Blink-182. Last night, I finally saw the Band in Boston, a two-hour drive from my home in Maine.

blink-182. All The Small Things (Official Music Video)

Getting tickets for Blink-182 was stressful

While getting tickets was not as complicated as trying for Taylor Swift’s tour, where families are spending 21,000 for a handful of tickets, it wasn’t easy either. As soon as Ticketmaster opened the virtual queue, I sat there staring at my browser for what felt like an eternity.

When I was finally let in to choose my seats, almost everything was sold out or being resold for thousands of dollars. With a tight budget, all I could get was two seats in the nosebleeds and hope for the best.

For one night, I felt like a teen again

After waiting months for the date to finally come, I was torn on whether it was going to be a night to remember or just a reminder of how time flies by.

In the past, I’ve seen bands I loved on stage only to leave thinking, “Wow, they can’t keep up anymore.” As if I could jump around on a stage for three hours while playing an instrument and never singing off-key, but that’s beside the point.

I was worried that seeing Tom DeLonge, Mark Hoppus, and Travis Barker in their late 40s and early 50s was going to remind me of my own aging, but thankfully it was the opposite.

DeLonge and Hoppus’s humor is still the same, featuring lots of “your mom” jokes. They are just two boys with instruments having fun, and for one night, we all felt like teenagers again. Especially when Tom referenced all the women in the stadium as “girls.”

Blink-182‘s setlist is one hit after the next

From the second the Band was onstage, the entire crowd in the TD Garden area was on its feet, with everyone singing at the top of their lungs. I took some moments to look around the crowd, and it was moving to see so many smiling faces singing one hit after the next.

The trio can definitely keep up, especially Barker, who still looks like he has eight arms when he is playing a drum solo There is no other explanation as to why he is so jaw-droppingly good.

I do wish I could have gotten floor tickets to be closer to the action. Maybe even to just mosh for a little — if my knees allowed it.

Still, it was worth the drive and spending 375 on two tickets to feel like my heart had never been broken, I still had my entire life ahead of me, and my checkered Vans were still cool.

SF4 Molecular Geometry, Lewis Structure, and Polarity – Explained

One needs to know some basic properties of the given compound and its Lewis structure to understand its molecular geometry, polarity, and other such properties. SF4 is a chemical formula for Sulfur Tetrafluoride. It is a colorless corrosive gas that is used in the synthesis of several organofluorine compounds. SF4 is a rather hazardous compound but is used widely in chemical and pharmaceutical companies.

Name of molecule Sulfur Tetraflouride ( SF4)
No of Valence Electrons in the molecule 34
Hybridization of SF4 sp3 hybridization
Bond Angles 102 degrees and 173 degrees
Molecular Geometry of SF4 Trigonal bipyramidal

To understand this molecule’s properties, such as its reactivity, polarity, and more, one needs to know the SF4 Lewis structure first.

SF4 Molecular Geometry

It is easy to understand the molecular geometry of a given molecule by using the molecular formula or VSEPR model. A molecular formula helps to know the exact number and type of atoms present in the given compound. Here there is one sulfur atom and four fluorine atoms in the compound, which makes it similar to the molecular formula of AX4E.

Molecules having a molecular formula of AX4E have trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry. Here two fluorine atoms forming bonds with the sulfur atom are on the equatorial positions, and the rest two are on the axial positions. As there is one lone pair on the central atom, it repels the bonding pair of electrons, which tweaks the shape a little bit and makes it appear like a see-saw. The electrons follow this pattern of arrangement following the VSEPR rule to minimize the repulsion forces between the lone pairs of electrons to maximize the molecule’s stability.

Hence, SF4 has a trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry.

SF4 Lewis Structure

Lewis structure is a pictorial representation of the bonds and valence electrons in the molecule. The bonds formed between two atoms are depicted using lines, whereas the valence electrons not forming any bonds are shown by dots. The valence electrons that participate in forming bonds are called bonding pairs of electrons, whereas the electrons that do not participate or form any bonds are called nonbonding pairs of electrons or lone pairs.

And to draw the Lewis structure of SF4, we first need to know the total number of valence electrons in this molecule.

As one can probably see, there is one sulfur atom in this compound and four fluorine atoms. To know the total valence electrons of this compound, we need to know the valence electrons of both the atoms individually.

( as there are four fluorine atoms, we have to consider valence electrons of all atoms)

Total number of valence electrons in SF4 = number of valence electrons in sulfur number of valence electrons in fluorine

Now that we know the total number of valence electrons, it would become easy for us to understand the bond formation between the atoms and the complete arrangement of the molecule too.

Sulfur will be the central atom in this molecule as it is the least electronegative, with four fluorine atoms forming bonds on the sides of this central atom. Every fluorine atom will form a bond with the central atom, which means there will be four bonds in the molecule structure using up four valence electrons of fluorine atoms and 4 electrons of the sulfur atom. So now, eight valence electrons are used, reducing the number of valence electrons from 34 to 24. All the fluorine atoms have six valence electrons, and the central atom has two valence electrons.

Draw lines between S and F to show bonds and for lone pairs of electrons, use dots. Each fluorine atom will have three pairs of 6 valence electrons ( shown as dots) on the atom, along with one bond with sulfur. In contrast, the central atom will have two valence electrons and four bonds.

Hence, the central atom, sulfur, will have one lone pair of electrons and four bonding pairs of electrons in the Lewis structure of SF4. At the same time, each fluorine atom will have three lone pairs.

Is SF4 polar?

Once we know the Lewis structure and molecular geometry of the given compound, it becomes easier to depict the molecule’s polarity. Here, one lone pair on the central sulfur atom and four bonding pairs of electrons leads to the asymmetric distribution of electrons on the central atom.

took, years, finally, blink-182, live, 2-hour

Also, as the shape of the molecule is like a see-saw, two fluorine atoms can cancel out each other’s dipole moment, but the rest two can’t due to the electrons’ arrangement. And as fluorine atoms are more electronegative than the sulfur atom, it results in uneven distribution of the charge. Hence the dipole moment is not canceled, which makes the molecule polar. So yes, SF4 is polar.

SF4 Hybridization

To know the hybridization of the SF4 molecule, let us first look at the regions of electron density for the central atom.

Sulfur has four bonding pairs of electrons and one lone pair, making its total number of regions for electron density 5. Hence the sulfur atom uses five hybridized orbitals, one 3s orbital, three 3p orbitals, and one 3d orbital. This arrangement of electrons around the atom and hybridized orbitals leads to the sp3d hybridization. One can also use the steric number to know the hybridization; here, the steric number is 5 for the sulfur atom.

SF4 Bond angles and shape

The central sulfur atom forms four bonds with the neighboring fluorine atoms and has one lone pair of electrons. Fluorine atoms on the equatorial positions have the bond angles of 102 degrees, and the axial ones have 173 degrees, which are a little different than the trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry leading to a see-saw shape.

The lone pair on the central atom leads to the change in the bond angles from 120 degrees to 102 degrees for equatorial fluorine atoms and 173 degrees instead of 180 degrees for axial fluorine atoms.

To conclude all the properties we can say that,

  • Sulfur Tetrafluoride has 34 valence electrons, out of which it forms four covalent bonds and one lone pair of electrons on the central atom in its Lewis structure.
  • There are three lone pairs on each fluorine atom.
  • It has a molecular geometry of the formula AX4E; it forms a see-saw shape and has a trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry.
  • SF4 has sp3d hybridization and is polar in nature.

About Priyanka

To read, write and know something new every day is the only way I see my day! Well, that rhymed. Hey folks, this is me, Priyanka, writer at Geometry of Molecules where I want to make Chemistry easy to learn and quick to understand. Having an MSc degree helps me explain these concepts better. I write all the blogs after thorough research, analysis and review of the topics. And if not writing you will find me reading a book in some cosy cafe! View all posts by Priyanka →

thoughts on “ SF4 Molecular Geometry, Lewis Structure, and Polarity – Explained ”

chintan zaveri says:

SSSS says:

took, years, finally, blink-182, live, 2-hour

SSSS says:

Shubhi says:

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Ladawn Milici says:

Thanks for your article. Hunting accurate information is among the biggest issues for the younger generation.

Deepanshu kushwaha says:

But what about drago’s rule. Isn’t drago’s rule being violated in your answer? Please reply ,i am very much confused.

See Saw by Katherine Mansfield Short Story Analysis

“See Saw” is a short story by Katherine Mansfield, published 1919.

Before Katherine Mansfield (and similar writers e.g. Chekhov) came along, stories were all about storytelling. The whole point of telling a story: To immerse the reader in a fascinating event, to paint a picture of setting and character, and possibly to teach readers a life lesson without forcing them to make the same mistakes.

Mansfield was all about form. For some of Mansfield’s stories, the shape of the story is so important that without that close relationship between form and ‘events’, the story doesn’t work. There would be no point to its existence.

“See Saw” is possibly the standout example of a lyrical short story whose ‘events’ are wholly dependent on form.

The movement of a playground see saw shapes the story. The see saw motif as well as the saw-saw shape of the story mirror a human life, and the way age counterbalances youth.

“The Voyage” and “Sun and Moon” are examples of further Mansfield short stories which juxtapose children and adults. As well as childhood and old age, “See Saw” also juxtaposes flawed humans against the beauty of nature. Everything is a counterbalance. Everything is a juxtaposition. Hence the importance of form.

Muriel Helen Dawson from Nursery Rhymes for Children ‘See-Saw’ 1930s, a New Zealand illustrator


Katherine Mansfield is often called a modernist writer. The modernist movement happened from about 1900 until mid 20th century. One feature of modernist stories: the slightly unusual treatment of time.

Critics have talked about ‘the temporal unconscious’. This refers to how time manifests itself subliminally in literary works. In the antipodes (including New Zealand), it worked slightly differently. The modernist works that came from New Zealand and Australia and surrounds have been called ‘micromodernism’ (by Tim Armstrong). It’s to do with the sense of distance we have, growing up so far away from the imaginative ‘home land’ which, back then, was England.

When writers juxtapose children against elderly people, the effect is often this: We are both young and old at once. Young people are reminded that they too will be old someday. Old people rarely forget that they used to be young, often seeing themselves as permanently young as a way of avoiding thoughts of death. Alice Munro also achieves this effect by juxtaposing youth against age.

Across Mansfield’s short stories, nature is depicted as a beautiful and serene phenomenon amid the calamities of human strife. Natural scenes juxtapose against the corruption of human action. Nature is often used to evoke a special atmosphere in order to create an Impressionistic Stimmung (mood). In “See Saw”, the narrator paints an unambiguously beautiful scene, but the characters don’t see it because they are engaged in the petty, annoying details of their lives.

Springtime on the Farm by Molly Brett ~ (1902~1990) see-saw

So the story begins. Mansfield often opened a story with a word, clause or sentence which grounds the reader in time/space. Likewise, “Pictures” opens with ‘Eight o’clock in the morning’. “Daughters of the Late Colonel” opens with ‘The week after was one of the busiest weeks of their lives’. “The Lady’s Maid” opens with ‘Eleven o’clock, a knock at the door’.

Why is spring significant here? Spring means new beginnings, outdoor pursuits, a return to youth (or enjoyment of actual youth). All of these associations can of course be ironically inverted. If spring means youth, autumn means old age. The old people in this story are described as ‘old babies’. In spring, everyone can return to the playfulness of youth.

Grown-up people are often compared with children and children with grown-ups. This reveals contrasting joyful or painful emotions. Sad tones often dominate the scene, sometimes conveying a feeling of claustrophobia, when characters feel as if they are in prison or hospital, or like actors performing on a stare. People appear like actors, wearing masks. Julia van Gunsteren, Katherine Mansfield and Literary Impressionism

Marie-Madeleine FRENCH NOHAIN


There is no literal see saw in this story. Mansfield’s titles often changed and didn’t necessarily point to the most important image or character but in this case, the title encourages the reader to wonder about its structural significance. Perhaps Mansfield chose this title hoping to show us that this story structure mimics the basic mechanism of a see saw, reciprocating motion:

  • The children play house while the old people talk about real life concerns
  • They alternate roles (wife and mother / husband and son)
  • And alternate between joy and anger

Edward Atkinson Hornel – The Seesaw 1905

A story shaped like a see saw will be a story about juxtaposition, reciprocality and perhaps a change in emotional valence. What is Mansfield juxtaposing here? As mentioned above, she juxtaposes age against youth. But she’s also levelling them out. See saws don’t work if the person at one end is weightier. Despite a constant difference in altitude, the see saw carries to equals. Youth = age.

After Mansfield gives us a wide-angle view of the park in spring, the ‘teeter’ movement of the metaphorical see-saw begins.

  • Narration zooms in on two children.
  • Beneath a tree, two little children, perhaps five or six, have set up a make-believe house. They make a make-believe pie. For that they need to create a make-believe fire, and they need sticks. Make-believe sticks will suffice.
  • The scene shifts to the top of the hollow by the tree.
  • Two ‘fat old babies’, probably in their late seventies, plump themselves down on a bench.
  • They talk about a mutual acquaintance who has cut her finger, ‘not badly’.
  • A bird flies over with a ‘great jet of song’.
  • The elderly man stands and waves his hat in the direction of the tree. He doesn’t want bird muck on him.
  • In a single sentence, the old couple get up and waddle away. (Babies also waddle, because of their napkins.)

The Ladybird Book Of Bedtime Stories Geoffrey Lapage, Illustrations George Brook (Wills Hepworth Ltd., Loughborough UK, 9th edition 1950)


Compare “See Saw” To “Prelude“, in which old people also look like babies. In “Prelude” Mansfield inverts various expectations, not only the appearance of age, but men are equally sensitive as women and women behave like men. Linda, a mother, hates being a mother. Beryl says “I’m always acting a part”.

The girl in “See Saw” might easily be a child version of Beryl.

William Henry Knight – In Training for the Derby 1856

The elderly people get little joy from life; they are weary. Bird muck bothers the man. Make-believe food will not sustain them. Nevertheless, the old people occupy their spot on the other end of the see-saw that is life.


The children aren’t worried about ageing. Yet they have clearly absorbed the language of the adults around them. The girl expresses mild but constant irritation at the boy, for failing to do his jobs properly, for failing to understand he’s playing a make-believe role. Mansfield’s scenes in which children play together often function like this. The children’s make-believe games in “Prelude” map clearly onto the social worlds of the adults. Like the Burnell children, these two are factually unsophisticated but not textually unsophisticated.

Unlike the Burnell children, these are working class kids, with the girl’s non-standard English to show that. She therefore mimics the workaday tasks of a busy, working class woman rather than worrying about how make-believe visitors are to be addressed (see “Prelude”). She asks the boy, “Is that a whole pennorth?” meaning “Is that a whole penny’s worth of sticks?”


The children want to play at making house — especially the girl, who is driving the game. The boy is sort of doing as he’s told.

The elderly people want to enjoy the mild weather of spring after a long winter shut indoors. But are they really enjoying themselves?


The boy isn’t fully onboard with the girl’s make-believe world. He doesn’t have quite the same ability to retreat into his imagination. He quite literally thinks he needs to find sticks, until the girl points out that even the sticks could be make-believe.

The old people sit companionably but not exactly contentedly.


Mansfield’s opening suggested it’s spring and everyone should be enjoying the beautiful weather. Yet the two groups of characters are at odds with each other. The children are somewhat irritated that they can’t even get an imaginary game to take off. They look at each other ‘in consternation’ when the fire won’t light using nails. Technically, the kids could make the game do anything they want. But their imagination is hampered. The girl is mimicking the consternation of an adult woman, too busy for frivolities. In this way, Mansfield equates youth with old age.

So despite the beautiful utopian park, where the weather is always springlike, this story is therefore an inversion of spring symbolism. The setting isn’t helping them to enjoy themselves at all. In some ways the setting is an opponent.

blink-182 2023. Tour Update Pt. 2

Characters are in danger of getting sprayed in bird muck, unable to enjoy the bird’s beautiful song.

The hollow used by the children seems fun as a mimicry of home, but these hollows are also described as ‘caves — caverns’ (note Mansfield’s emphasis via repetition). Caves can be scary places.


The girl sees her original game isn’t working so she changes the dynamics, showing a quite sophisticated ability to read the situation and adjust accordingly.


Each of the two couples has their own minor argument. The children have the argument about whether dogs can have kittens (comical from the reader’s point of view). The elderly couple don’t argue as such, but the shared target of their reprobation is the woman who carelessly (to them) cut her finger at dinner with a knife.


The tragedy for these characters is that there is no anagnorisis.


We extrapolate that if this beautiful spring day in this beautiful park can’t bring out the cheer in people then people are naturally grumpy.

Header painting: See Saw by Frederick Morgan